Phytocannabinoids, such as cannabidiol, act in the body by interacting with specific receptors. Receptors allow cells in the body to receive and process information, which translates into a biological response.
What is the endocannabinoid system?
The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a signaling system of receptors and molecules distributed throughout the body. Cannabinoids are not only produced by plants (in this case, they are named phytocannabinoids). Our body can also make cannabinoids. From the word “endogenous,” meaning from within, endocannabinoids and the receptors they and phytocannabinoids bind to make up the ECS.
Cannabinoids can act differently at the same receptor or bind to different receptors to produce varying effects. As an area of ongoing biomedical research, understanding of the ECS and the role it plays in health and disease continues to expand.